I chose to talk about the first video “Ethical Dilemas in the Workplace” because I am a very honest person (to a fault) so this one hit close to home. I haven’t really had anything bad happen at work, in fact I don’t really think I’ve ever been fired (I have a foggy memory of being let go in high school but don’t believe I was fired- at least not for anything bad). Anyway I think it’s incredibly important as the employee and employer to be open about reasons you left the previous job, and as someone interviewing to try not to jump to conclusions. I would ask questions about their strengths and weaknesses and you can tell from that if they are honest. For example I was being considered for a teaching residency program in my current work place, but I don’t really like living in California (where it is) so I was honest about that with my supervisor. She really appreciated it and said to give it some time to really decide what I want, and that they of course want someone who wants to be in the area. That could have hurt my chances to get the position but instead it showed her I was honest and trustworthy, so I think this can be applied to that situation they talked about in the video.
For this week, what, if any, has been your experience with the Hawthorne effect on a job? Answer this question and then choose one of the following to answer: 1) Describe a supervisor who inspired and motivated you – what were their characteristics or actions that made such a positive impact? 2) Describe a supervisor who was a poor supervisor (un-motivating, indecisive, uncaring, etc.) – what were their characteristics or actions that made you feel that way?
I’m sort of going to answer both questions:
This is interesting as it is something I just recently had happen to me. I started a new job in January, and though it had been good I felt a bit uncomfortable with my supervisor. She was kind of nice but mostly aloof and hard to read. Well the company is very well run and has check ins called “two-by-twos” that let you discuss areas of you could grow in and that you are “glowing” in. It also had a time to share ways you feel your supervisor is doing well and ways she could “grow” or improve. Now I should mention I am a teacher and she is the principal. She is a new principal this year and not much older than me, so I had considered she was struggling to figure out the line between being professional and my superior and friendly and personable. Well, I was honest and said I felt she could grow in communicating with me and showing she cared (basically). Ever since then it has been better! I think part of it is she is getting more comfortable with me and familiar with who I am but also I think just knowing she does care and seeing her actually try to make effort to see how I am doing has helped me a lot. I am the type of person that needs “words of affirmation” so I think just hearing how she thought I was doing really well and now seeing her try to make conversation with me has greatly improved my work life.
I have had another experience where the supervisor was very controlling and strong willed and it was not working well at all for me! I felt he didn’t trust me or think I was capable and eventually I just confronted him and basically said I couldn’t handle it and he backed off and we had a much better relationship and still do to this day!
2. I think this is hard because although their car is their personal property, the parking lot is the companies and therefore really it should still be up to the company what is allowed. For example smoking weed on company property is probably generally not allowed, although those who do it are most likely doing it in their cars. I personally don’t think people should be carrying guns, and especially not in the workplace. After all the shootings taking place I think it is certainly a company’s right to want to try to protect their employees, and who is to say the employee with the gun won’t fly off the handle and start shooting people (although it is unlikely?
3. No I don’t agree. Honestly I don’t know a lot about the second amendment but as far as I know when it was created it was a different time and all this violence was not as prevelent, so who’s to say they would have enacted that if this were the case? I do think to some degree people have the right to bare arms (although I think this is part of the problem we are facing as a nation) but as far as doing this on company property that is a different story.
4. I can see how bringing guns in the work place could if in the hands of the right person protect the employees, but it most likely would not make the majority of employees feel safe or comfortable. I am not sure if there are circumstances where doing so would be acceptable or in the best interest of all involved unless as I said it was someone like me who would never shot a gun to hurt someone but only to protect myself and others but that is hard to gauge and therefore not the best approach.
Who should pay the cost for protecting the environment? This is a question of social justice. Two popular answers are currently in circulation:
- Those responsible for causing the pollution ought to pay.
- Those who stand to benefit from protection and restoration should pay. This is not cut and try topic. And in some ways I would say both those responsible for causing pollution as well as those benefiting from restoration should pay. That being said it is hard to really enforce it one way or the other, because as in the book although you can charge companies that are causing a lot of pollution that does not solve all your problems. There are still other factors that are contributing to pollution such as everyone’s use of man made products as well as cars, etc. Do you just charge everyone so you don’t have to pinpoint? And as for those benefiting from protection, not all who benefit will be able to be recognized and therefor it is impossible to make them all pay, so in a way it is unfair to those who have to pay.
I like how the book talked about the government regulated movements such as the clean water act and clean air act. This ensures that it is society’s responsibility as a whole and everyone should contribute to reducing the pollution. The article I read talked about how the profit of destroying the planet is always privatized whereas the costs of polluting or destroying the environment is always socialized. It was suggesting businesses pay for what they do to destroy the planet, which is what I said earlier and agree with. This won’t solve all the problems with solution but it can help, along with education and prevention from the governments efforts. This article also states that a quarter of all deaths are now caused by pollution so something definitely needs to be done and someone has to pay or it will continue! If necessary maybe some of our tax money should go towards preventing and reversing pollution, that way it’s more fair. If pretty much everyone is in some way contributing to pollution (especially air) it makes sense they should pay for it…
Link for article:
1. For you, what was the most alarming part of this film?
Like others, I would agree that it’s tough to choose just one thing! I think the main thing is the huge corporations like Nike and Kathy Lee Gifford (with Wal-Mart) paying these poor and often very young people barely anything then charging way more to sell these products. It’s similar to our discussion on sweatshops but still just so messed up. Also I was surprised at just how linked this is to our government. I think we do need to stand up as a people to protest this, and the first thing we can do is not support companies like Nike, Wal-Mart and Gap. That’s hard though too because if you start doing that, soon you will have very few places to buy products!
B) One economist stated that within a corporation, “there was no soul to save and nobody to incarcerate.” Explain what he meant by that.
I think this is a pretty intense statement, but I think he meant when it comes to corporations, it’s not just one person so therefore you can’t have a huge impact and stop them from doing what they are doing because it is a much greater force than just a single person. You can’t pinpoint who is the culprit and even if you did they are covered by the corporation and therefore “safe” from incarceration or other legal consequences in a sense. Obviously if the corporation is corrupt through and through it will have consequences and the government can’t make excuses anymore, but this statement is proving the point that corporations can get away with way more than they should simply because they are a huge company.
This article shows that although to us sweatshops seem horrendous and not something most Americans would be willing to do, they are actually better for the people in these countries because the alternatives they have for earning income are much worse. The alternatives are less pay or worse, prostitution, so this article makes it seem justified when in fact it is not quite that simple or ideal. They see it as helping the economy of those countries as well as our own because it’s providing jobs and income for the people working there and providing goods for us at a much lower production cost which in turn provides more profit and income.
I found an article that shows how unsafe the working conditions are in many of the sweatshops in Bangladesh, Indonesia and Pakistan from buildings collapsing and killing 87 people to fires that killed hundreds. That is not ok! At least if they are going to pay them nothing they should have a safe working environment. It also says many of these workers are locked in these buildings and cannot get out which is just inhumane! Not to mention they are only getting paid 60 cents a day and some of these are for very wealthy companies like Nike and Adidas so you know the profit margin is ridiculous!
After reading these two articles I definitely think this needs to stop and there needs to be strict laws against it, or at least raise the wages and make the working conditions much better and more humane. I know the United States has a lot of debt but I still don’t think this is the way around it. Like you talked about in your powerpoint, Trump is trying to have more production in the U.S. which I actually think would be good in this case. On the other hand it’s taking jobs away from these countries that need the income so in the end I think the best thing may be to provide more favorable working conditions and wages or shut them down in foreign countries.
This was actually a really interesting chapter for me to read. I honestly had a hard time coming up with examples but I will try to share a few that I think may work. First I helped out at a homeless shelter for women for the past 6-9 months and it was honestly to try to help others and get my mind off of myself. In my time there I realized it blessed me almost just as much as it did them, although that was not my intent! Also I noticed it helped the women not only in their immediate needs for food and shelter, but helped them get on their feet. I think this would be an example of utilitarianism because it helped the overall good for everyone not just in the short term but in the long term (although some may argue it is enabling them, I think the intent is good).
Another example I had was that I always feel bad if I’m not working when I’m supposed to be at work. I noticed that a lot of people do this and it made me think of egoism because it is only looking after their own good and thinking of themselves, with the appearance of helping the organization. I think this is fairly common and not a huge deal but it made me wonder just how much money is being wasted on time employees are on the clock but not actually working.
How do we develop our ethics? What are the primary sources for us to develop our ethical position?
I have to agree with many of you that our personal ethics are initially and primarily developed by our parents example/beliefs/behaviors. What we see modeled as what is “right” and “wrong” starts almost instantly when we are born and continues on throughout our lives. Another influence is our teachers and peers, because as children we spend a significant amount of time with them, and as an educator I know first hand how important it is to instill these values in our children.
As we grow up our ethics are more shaped by our society, conscience and even religious beliefs/practices. The way our culture/society view what is right and wrong significantly affects our personal ethics, whether we realize it or not. Media is wrapped in to society and culture as well and is a huge influence in this day in age. I know for me personally my faith/religious belief plays a big part in my ethical views/values. It affects my everyday life and decisions and thoughts for the better. The last thing is our conscience, which some may say is tied into religion. WE all have a sense of what is right and wrong and feel bad if we do what we deem “wrong.”
In business our companies rules and regulations set the tone for what is acceptable behavior, and our managers/supervisors generally ensure those are enforced. We tend to want to do good and right in the work place for many reasons including opportunity to advance, impressing our superiors, and for some simply their own personal convictions